Setting Up a Kite

While setting up your kite you can already lay the base for a safe and awesome kite session. Create your routine, but always stay focussed. Use the time while setting up the kite to prepare mentally for the upcoming session by calming down and focusing fully.

A proper Kite Spot

First, the kite should setting up in a proper spot. The spot should have folloing features:

  • Enough space
  • No obstacles around us
  • Soft ground (grass is the best)

Setting Up a Kite Step by Step

The following step by step plans will provide an efficient way of how to set up your kite gear. Prepare yourself by reducing the walking distances (put together your gear next to each other) and follow the steps below:

  1. Pump up kite & secure it
  2. Lay out the lines
  3. Check the bar
  4. Sort lines
  5. Connect the Lines
  6. Check that everything is fine and well connected.


  1. Lay out the lines
  2. Check the bar
  3. Sort lines
  4. Pump up kite & secure it
  5. Connect the Lines
  6. Check that everything is fine and well connected.

Pumping and Securing a Kite

Pumping a kite is filling the bladders (inside the tubes) of front tube and struts with air. They provide the kite’s structure and shape. The right air pressure
and the functionality of in- and deflate valves (brand-specific), can be found either at the valve, or in the manufacturers handbook.

Pumping up the Kite

Unpack the kite, unroll it, secure it (sand, board ,… ), connect the pump leash, clean valve and pump’s endpiece, connect pump (without One-pump-System do the struts first, then the front tube), close valve, disconnect pump leash, turn kite around, secure it (sand, board ,… ).


  • Leave the clips open if your chances of crashing are high (teaching, freestyle) as the fronttube’s pressure can disperse easier into the struts.
  • Closed clips: lf you want to be more secure, and your chances of crashing are lower. Thereby if one chamber looses air, the kite is still flyable and also floats on the water.

Pumping tips

  • Use both hands and feet, to operate the pump.
  • Without a pump leash: Hold the bridles/5th line or even front tube while pumping with one hand centered.

Tips for the pressure

  • Have enough pressure so the kite keeps its shape and doesn’t fold, when it is placed on it’s tip on the ground.
  • Use a nanometer
  • Compressors: Start carefully at an empty bladder!
  • Attention: Do not overpumpl

Carrying, Turning and Securing a Kite

Carrying a kite

Always hold a kite in the  middle of its front tube / Leading Edge.

Turning a kite

Turn a kite quickly by rolling it over via one of its tips. Place it on the ground onto the front tube, with its center strut aiming towards the wind.

Securing a kite

Place some weight on top of the kite (sand, sandbags, kitebag, …)

Laying Out the Lines

Laying Out the Lines means undoing the lines from the bar.

You can lay out the lines towards the kite either from Ieeward, windward or fromthe sides. There might be spots where one or the other is required, so be sure you know all three versions.

When undoing the bar make sure you do not get tangled or blown around by the wind. lt can help to place some weight on top of the lines’ end.

Remember: Check your lines for damages already while laying them out.

From the Kite Ieeward (Downwind)

Lay your lines out Ieeward, away from the kite downwind. Place the bar in the ‘opposite/wrong’ way onto the ground.

Advantages / disadvantages

The version can give you a great overview of your setup. However be sure you have the bar in the opposite/wrong way.

From the Kite towards the wind (Upwind)

Lay your lines walking windward from the kite. The bar is placed on the ground  in the right way.

Advantages / disadvantages

The bar is always the right way. Be sure the kite does not cover the bridles.

From the kite to the side

Walk to the kite’s side either:

  • Slightly upwind -> position the bar the ‘right way’
  • Slightly downwind -> position the bar the ‘opposite way’

Advantages / disadvantages

This version will enable you to launch right away from the edge of the wind window. Be sure the kite does not cover the bridles (potential mistake: lines are twisted, …)

Placing the Bar Properly

Placing properlythe bar means the correct orientation of the bar in regards to the kite’s position.

Bar in the ‘right way’: lf the lines are laid out upwind, or sideways upwind of the kite’s position, place the bar the ‘right way’ (according to the manufacturer’s code).

Bar in the ‘wrong way’: If the lines are laid out downwind of the kite, place the
bar the ‘opposite/wrong’ way.

Right/Opposite(wrong) way: ls related to holding the bar while kiting (see
manufacturers code in thetuser manual).

Sorting The Lines

Sorting the lines means separating and sorting the lines from each other
(front- and backlines)

Sorting Tips:

  • Have your legs in between front- and backlines (1).
  • Use your hands like a comb.
  • Use a line-sorter (tool)

Connect the Lines to the Kite

The lines should be connected according to the manufacturers instructions:

Backlines (outside): Attached with the kite’s outside attachment points at the back of the kite (trailing edge).

Centrelines (inside): Attached either  to the bridles or the front tube of your
kite (depending on your kite).

The Kook Proof System in combination with the color code, will help additionally, to connect the lines correctly.

Lark’s head / Cow hitch

  1. Push the loop over the lines end so that a resizable loop is created This knot pulls itself tight under pressure and can be opened easily even after a lot of pressure on it.
  2. Move the knotted end through the loop
  3. Position the loop around the correct knot.  Remember: use the same knot on both sides.
  4. Tighten the loop and slide it towards the knot.

NOTE: Setting up is not finished until you have executed all
your checks 100% thoroughly.

Technical Wear for Kitesurfing

It is essential while kitesurfing to be protected from low water/air temperatures, UV radiation, Cuts or Other Injuries.

Let see what is the technical wear required or reccomended for kitesurfing.


Made of a special caoutchouc (chloroprene-caoutchouc) which protects mainly against cold temperatures, but also serves as a cushion.

Function: Water inside the wetsuit warms up and acts as a warming isolation layer. The right wetsuit and its proper fit will extend your time on the water greatly and can even be life-saving in critical situations.

Protection wear

Accessories that help to protect certain parts of your body:

  • Helmet, hood, base cap, glasses, head band ,..
  • Sun screen, lycra (long sleeve/short sleeve)
  • Gloves
  • Extra neoprene parts (Vest, pants, kidney protector ,… ), boarclshorts
  • Neoprene boots or shoes
  • Impact Vest: Provides extra protection for your upper body when crashing.
    Those vests have very helpful buoyancy, however they are usually not rated as a full life jacket. Fitting:

    • Tight, so it does not slide up.
    • It is important, that the function of harness hook and quick
      release are not impaired.


Provide the connection with the kite and transmit the kite’s power into your body onto the board.

Kite harnesses have a handle at their back, a specially shaped harness hook and various attachment points for the kite leash.

There are 2 different types of harnesses:

  • Seat harness: Similar like a harness used for climbing, tightened around the
    waist and secured between the legs.

    • + Good for beginners (prevents the harness from sliding up, low
      center of effort)
    • + Takes load off the back.
  • Waist harness: it is tightened around your waist.
    • + Better angle of attack, more control over body’s center of
    • + Greater ability to move
    • + individual positioning possible

Equipment handling super tips

Kite gear should be exposed as little as possible to UV, should always be rinsed with fresh water and be packed stored in absolutely dry condition.


  • Keep them sand-free (sandpaper effect!)
  • Protect them from ants, mice and other animals!
  • Rinse with fresh water when storing the kite, since salt crystals can cause damages!
  • Store them dry, in a dry place, to avoid mould.


  • Wrap up the bar right after finishing your session, get rid of dirt and store it out of the sun in a dry place.
  • Check wearing out parts and safety systems regularly!


  • Clean straps and pads after a session.
  • Also clean under the pads.
  • Tighten screws regularly.


  • Clean with fresh water after use. A detailed equipment repair guide is available
  • Use special wetsuit cleaning liquid every now and then.

The Kite Boards: Parts and characteristics of a Twin Tip

The kite board is the connection between kite surfer and water surface. lt transmits the kite’s power into riding.

We have 2 main Board types

  • Bidirectional / Twin Tips: Symmetrical boards that can be ridden the same in both directions.
  • Directionals Boards: Boards with a shaped tail and front, rideable only one direction.

Bidirectional Board  / Twin Tip

Bidorectional Boards are the most commun kite boards.

A Bidirectional Board, called also Twin Tip,  is a board that can be ridden the same into both directions.

Parts of a bidirectional board

  • Nose/Tip/Front: Front part of the board in riding direction.
  • Rail: Long edges of the board.
  • Straps: Enable the feet to be attached to the board.
  • Pads: Cushions with anti-slip- surface.
  • Grab handle: Used to grab and hold the board.
  • Inserts: integrated into the board to attach pads, straps, handle using
  • Fins: Provide stability while riding.
  • Fin Screws: Fix the fins to the board.
  • Tail/Back: Board’s back part in riding direction.
  • Deck: Upper part of the board
  • Bottom: Bottom part of the board

Twin Tip board’s characteristics

A board’s performance and characteristics are determined by its shape and outline.

Board Length

  • Long boards: Good for beginners (forgiving) and low wind (early planing), controllable in high riding speeds.
  • Short boards: Good for strong winds, agile, loose.

Board Width

  • Wide boards: Early planning, light wind.
  • Narrow boards: Controllable in chop and high wind speeds

Board Thickness

  • Thin boards: Direct, light weight, specific flex zones.
  • Thick boards: Stable, more buoyancy.


Describes how much a board is bent when looking from its side.

Big rocker:

  • + Comfortable riding, board catches less during maneuvers, easier controllable in chop and strong winds.
  • – Slower and therefore worse planing capabilities.

Little rocker:

  • + Fast, precise edge control for popping (especially in flat water).
  • – Boards rails are catching easier, more challenging to ride


Boards stiffnes, resulting in comfortable riding and forgivingness during maneuvers.

  • + More flex: More comfort for riding and landing (chop is absorbed by the board).
  • – Too much flex: Board is not direct and too soft to pop efficiently.

Stiff boards are for hHeavier riders, lots of power, freestylers.

Soft boards are for Light weight riders, light wind, freeriders.


  • When a board is too stiff it will feel uncomfortable in choppy conditions.
  • Flex tips: Enhance edge control, riding comfort and pop ability.


Describes a board’s bottom’s arch looking from rail to rail.

  • + increases the board’s stability, better edge control, easier edging, more upwind ability at the same length (early planing)
  • – Less flex, stiffer, harder to turn, can increase catching characteristics.


Describes the outline of the board. if

Round (convex): 

  • + Easier to turn. Wide tips: Early planning, good
  • – Less edge control for take off. for popping (take off)


  • + Good edge control for take off Narrow tips: Great control in
  • – Harder to turn strong wind, good carving abilities.

Board Leash

A leash is a constant connection between a kitesurfer and his board, speeding up the restarting process after a crash.

  • Surfboard leash: Like used for surfing. t,2m – 3m long, attached using Velcro to one’s harness or foot.
  • Roll leash: During a crash the leash rolls out automatically and will not create tension before rolling up slowly.


Using a leash is HIGHLY dangerous:

  • Board can act like a bullet and hurtyou seriously!
  • Equipment might get tangled _and impaired!


The Stance is the way how to stand on the board.

The angle and the distance between your feet on the board  is adjustable.

Angle of the straps (Duckstance)

  • Big angle: Good for cruising and freeriding, helps when going upwind (you can point your front foot better upwind).
  • Small angle: Good edge control (heel can put pressure on the edge well), which is good for New School tricks.

Position setup on the board (middle vs side)

  • Middle: Good control for riding, big feet.
  • Heelside: Good edging, small feet.

NOTE: Neither your pads, nor your feet should catch water.

Straps Set Up

  • Possibilities: Different screwing position for the width,
    Velcro for size.
  • Width and size can be adjusted to one’s preferences and style. l\/lostly, rather tight for Newschool freestyle and more loose for Airstyle.


Nowadays wakeboarding has a huge influence on Newschool freestyle.  Therefore bindings have become very popular for this powerful and fast discipline with its aggressive, fast, loaded jumps.

Advantages of Bindings:

More precise positioning of the feet on the board enabling higher speeds in manoeuvres, more board control and better landings. For
many a big style factor, good suspension for hard landings.

Disadvantages of Binding:

Limited ability to move (especially in emergency situations) less upwind performance, extra stress for joints (forced into uncomfortable positions) heavier than straps.

ATTENTION: Slipping out of one binding only is VERY risky and may result in serious injuwl

Frequently Asked Questions on Bindings
  1. Can I attach bindings to any board? Generally yes, however most brands offer special boards for bindings. They have extra strong inserts and are wider than regular boards.
  2. Can I swim with bindings? Yes you can, even though a bit limited.
  3. Can I get out of the bindings in an emergency situation? In crashes, your feet will slide out of the bindings quite easily. Specific, well tested release systems imported from wakeboarding help you to do so.

Kite Lines: type and features of the kite lines

A system of different lines connects the bar with the kite.

The Line System of a Kite is composed by:

  • Frontlines/Centrelines: Keep the kite in the air.
  • Backlines: Power, depower and steering of the kite. K y ‘Q xg’ W
  • Connectors (Pigtail): Connections between kite and lines.
  • Bridles: Setup of lines including pulleys to balance the kite properly. Often part of the safety system and support powering/depowering ability.
  • 5th Line (just in some kites, usually C-kites): Safety system, additional stabilisation of the front tube.

Kite Line length

The length of the lines defines the kite’s flying radius. A current standard line length is between 20 and 27 metres.

For special conditions it can be used shorter/longer lines.

Short lines

Short lines are used in high wind speeds. Wind window become smaller, the kite has less power and is more agile and direct.

In low wind speeds, short lines are used for teaching
as the kite cannot generate too much power.

Long lines

Long Lines are used to increase the wind window, the kite’s
flying distances and speed. Upwind abilities in light winds increase.

Standard Line Lengh

Manufacturers use 20-27 metres as standard line length, which offers well balanced kite characteristics with good upwind abilities.

Colour coding of lines

Depending on the manufacturer, the lines (right/left/middle/back and 5th line) have different colours or colour patterns so it’s easier to recognise and sort them.

Pigtails / connectors

At the end of each line there are small connectors (also called pigtails) that are thicker and replaceable. They protect the lines from wearing out excessively due to the constant opening and closing process. The
same goes for the connectors (pigtails) at the kite.

Kook proof system / connectors

Using a simple trick, manufacturers have found an easy and secure way to connect kite and lines:

  1. Colour coded pigtails: the pigtails and the corresponding connector at the kite have the same colour to show which one is right or left.
  2. Knots and hooks usually are placed alternating. In this way, centre lines connectors cannot be attached to or swapped with steering lines connectors and viceversa.

Checking line length

A line and setup check to make sure all lines have the same length.

Generally lines stretch a bit, especially during their first hours of use, or under extreme loads (e.g. Kite Loops).

According to manufacturers the lines are already pre-stretched, however it still takes some flying hours until all knots and other connectors have reached their final length.

lt is necessary to check the lines’ length frequently, to ensure an optimal and well balanced kite setup.

Experience has shown you should check new lines the first time after lO to 20 flying hours, then at least once before each season, or after a longer kite break (holiday trip etc.).

IMPORTANT: Line check service is provided by kite schools and repair shops, but you can also do the check yourself (as shown in almost all kite manuals).

Kite Bar: Purpose and function of the bar components


The first 2 lines kites were used exclusively by extreme sports athletes. These kites did not offer any possibility for depowering. The rider was connected directly to the bar using a harness line (like a windsurfer) and fully powered at all times. The invention of 4 line kites allowed depowering. Users of the new kite system were called “chicken”, since they supposedly did not have enough courage to use the “real” 2 line kites – hence the term Chicken Loop.

Function of chicken loop

The Chicken Loop connects the rider with his equipment. This connection must be seperatable quickly in critical situations and reduce the pull of the kite to a minimum.

Types of chicken loop

Different sizes of Chicken Loops allow the adjustment to certain body conditions. Long, wide loops are mostly used for unhooked tricks, while small Chicken Loops are best suitable for hooked moves, or riders with short arms.

IMPORTANT: The Chicken Loop is constantly under pressure and punctual load through the harness hook. It is absolutely necessary, to check the loop frequently for wear and tear and replace early when necessary.


Function of leash

Besides the loop (and the Quick Release), the leash serves as secure connection to the kite. After releasing the first safety system, the quick release, the kite can be disconnected
from the rider fully by releasing the second safety system at the leash. lt is absolutely necessary, to learn and know the process of using this important safety system.

Leash Features

Different riding styles require specific features from the leash. For example length and the position it is connected to the harness.

How to connect the leash to the bar

Taking the risks into consideration, it is possible to connect your leash in a constant, fixed way to the bar system and
therefore the kite.

Normal Mode

Manufacturers suggest the normal safety mode as the standard mode to use their kites! That means, the leash is connected directly to the safety system (safety system working normal).

Semi Suicide Mode

The safety line is connected to a ring at the chicken loop, where the leash is attached to. The safety system is only activated when quick re/easing!

Suicide Mode

The permanent connection is not seperated by quick releasing, but only by using the last safety system at the leash (kite is gone).

Finger / Chicken Stick/ Dig / Dick/ Donkey Dick

This safety stick prevents unexpected unhooking of chicken loop from harness hook.

Important: Check the proper position of the chicken stick frequently, especially before and after tricks.

Quick Release (QR) System

Purpose of Quick release System

The Quick Release seperates the permanent connection (hooked mode) between harness hook (kite boarder) and chicken loop (kite system) in certain situations immediately and securely. The kite’s power is reduced to a minimum
right away the safety leash is the remaining connection between rider and the kite.

After releasing the QR it is recommended to grab the safety system on the leash and seperate from the gear completely if necessary

Function of Quick Release System

The release of the QR System is usually initiated by a push, rotate or pull motion. The according motion (manufacturer dependent), seperates the permanent connection between chicken loop and harness and set
the kite into safety mode.

A common standard of quick release systems is not in sight due to brand specific unique selling points and patent rights on those systems.

IMPORTANT: Constant training with your current safety system helps to get a routine into it’s handling and features, ensures proper reaction in emergency situations and makes kite boarding safe.

Aerodynamics of Kites: How does a kite fly?

The lines keep a kite in its position (or move it), while an alrstream (the wind) is flowing by. Looking at a kite from the side, its shape is similar to the wing of an airplane.

The alrstream approaching the front tube’s leading edge is divided into two parts, one flowing on the upper, the other flowing on the lower side.

Venturi effect

According to Venturi, the air on the top and the bottom will take the same amount of time to reach the profi|e’s trailing edge. With the profile being arched like a wing, the airstream on the top has a longer way to
go compared to the one on the bottom. Since it still reaches the end at the same time, it therefore has to be faster than the stream on the bottom.

Bernou||i’s law

States that the static pressure in any current reduces with its speed increasing (and vice versa).

With the difference in alrstream speed between the top and the bottom of our profile, this leads to a higher pressure at the bottom and lower pressure on top (pulling it up). This lift allows a kite to fly, while the lines enable the rider to control the direction it flies in.

The kite’s pull

By steering a kite, the approaching airstream gets faster. The further the kite travels in one go, the more it accelerates and the more power it generates. The further downwind, the more projected area of the kite is facing the wind, and the more force it creates Ieeward.

Maximum force is generated by: wind + kite’s flying speed.

Stalling = kite’s inability to fly

If a kite’s lift is less than its weight, the kite will inevitably fall out of the sky. This can either happen due to a steering mistake, or certain wind conditions. There are two basic scenarios:


During a frontstall the kite will fall onto its front (front
tube) out of the sky. This happens mostly due to gusts
or pilot’s mistakes: the kite shoots too far windward in
the wind window, the alrstream is cut off, and the kite

To catch the kite again, the alrstream needs to be
recovered. React quickly to prevent the lines falling onto
you or the kite stalling into them.


During a backstall the kite stalls via its trailing edge Ieeward. This happens when the kite’s angle of attack is too big (the kite is over sheeted): there is too much difference in pressure between the top and the bottom of
the profile and the airstream is cut off.

To recover the kite, it needs a smaller angle of attack:

  • Depower the kite (push the bar away).
  • Move the kite windward to create an airstream.
  • Pull the front lines rapidly and, if necessary, repeatedly.


  • Move windward rapidly to recover the kite.
  • Do not keep the kite right in the zenith, but rather a bit to the side, so it can recover more quickly in case of a frontstall
  • Should the kite frontstall in the zenith try to steer it
    aggressively to one side
  • Be careful: When the kite recovers, it accelerates and generates a lot of power!

Kite History and Development: C, Bow, Delta, Foil Kites

Due to the development of today`s modern kites, the sport has become both safer and easier, and therefore
accessible to a broad range of people. The courageous extreme sports athletes of the first days have shared great
contributions to get to this point. Thank you!

Let us see the different types of Kites


kite with fixed tubes


Has is origin in paraglidng and landboarding.

  • Definition: A two layered canopy creates air chambers; flat profile; a lot of bridles.
  • Special characteristics: Due to its special construction it can be powered/depowered very efficiently. The kite can be landed without helper. Special relaunch techniques. Has the biggest projected area/power of all kites; smallest pack size; durable; costly, as lots of different parts.
  • Safety: Through the front line, or special 5th line. Open cells and older models often use a backstall safety, shortening the backlines by l metre and thereby landing the kite on its trailing edge. Relaunches very well, disadvantage: slight rest pull
  • Target group: Mainly for snowkiting and landboarding. Freeriders.

TUBE KITES (kite with inflatable tubes)

When we talk about kites nowadays we are mostly talking about tube kites.

ln the mid 1980s the first 2-line tube kites were built consisting of a frame of inflatable sockets (tubes).

C-KITE (C= C-like kite shape)

Around 2001 the 2-line kites were improved and replaced by depowerable 4-line bar systems. The kite’s angle of attack could be altered and the_kite’s power became adjustable. However, the depower potential was still very small and the relaunch required special techniques. Compared to today, safety systems back then were still in their infancy. lt took until 2005 when the
invention of the Sth line greatly improved these issues.

  • Definition: Strong curve in the front tube (C-shape), long tips.
  • Special characteristics: Direct steering. Due to its small projected area, active steering is required. Small but very direct depower area, therefore limited wind range. Special relaunch techniques.
  • Safety: Release via Sth line – precise, powerless release.
  • Downside: 5th line can wrap around the kite and limit the safety function.
  • Target group: Advanced, competition, freestyle (loaded jumps).

BOW KITE (Bow = bow shape acc. to Legaignoux’s patent)

A generation of bow shaped kites with a flatter shape followed. The power generating area was larger, however they needed extra lines for stabilisation (bridles). This influenced the kite’s characteristics and  steering became less direct. In addition, the relaunch became a lot easier due to its shape and safety systems took a huge leap forward.

  • Definition: Flat profile, front tube with bridles narrowing towards the back, concave trailing edge.
  • Special characteristics: Using bridles and pulleys to extend depower/power range. Angle of attack can be higher without the kite stalling.
    Very easy (auto)relaunch. Softer, rather indirect feeling.
  • Safety: High depower potential simply by letting go of the bar. Released, the kite will lay on its front tube on the water.
  • Downside: Kite might invert and limit the safety function.
  • Target group: Cruiser, freerider, airstyler, beginner


ln the year 2007 the next generation of kites was introduced with the Delta Kites, combining advantages of c and Bow kites.

  • Definition: Combination of C and Bow kite, combining their advantages. Laid out kite has D-shape.
  • Special characteristics: Angled shape, but less than a Bow kite. Short tips, short bridles for more direct feel. Huge depower potential, therefore good wind range. Auto-relaunch.
  • Safety: Depowering simply by letting go of the bar. When released, the kite will lay on its front tube on the water.
  • Downside: Kite might invert and limit safety function.
  • Target group: Freestyle/competition, cruiser, freerider, airstyler, beginner

Kite Size

Kites are manufactured from a very light but durable polyester in different sizes and models. Different sizes (5-20 square metres) are used depending
on wind speed, the rider’s weight and riding style.

The Wind Window where the Kite fly

The entire area where a kite can move is called the wind window. The wind window has the shape of a quarter cube and its size is defined by the length of the kite’s lines.

Wind window edge

ls the upwind edge of the wind window, i.e. the maximum position the kite can fly towards the wind.

Kite positions

The possible positions ofa kite along the wind window edge are described sing the numbers on a dial of a watch.

The kite at 12 o’clock, directly above the pilot, is also called the zenith.

Soft zone

ls located directly downwind of the wind window edge. In this area, the kite is well controllable, easy to steer and creates moderate power.

Power zone

If the kite is steered deeper into the wind window, it moves in the power zone. With higher speeds, the kite can create a lot ot force directed downwind in this zone.

Static/dynamic wind window

The wind window has to be seen from two different perspectives. Static, when the pilot (or kitesurfer) is not moving and stays at a certain position, and dynamic, when the kitesurfer is moving and the apparent wind influences the wind window’s size and position.

IMPORTANT: The wind Window is following the kitesurfer. The Kitesurfer is the center of the wind window. If the Kitesurfer changes position, the wind window change position too


There are terms for certain possible directions a kiteboarder can ride in relation to the wind.


Heading towards the wind at an angle.

Across the wind

Heading 90 degrees to the wind

Downwind/broad reach

Heading at an angle with the wind.

Running downwind

Straight with the wind

Beating/no-go zone

No sailing vessel or Kitesurfer can move directly upwind. Therefore, to move to a target directly upwind, a kiteboarder has to zigzag to indirectly reach that target.

Kite Theory and Wind: Upwind and Downwind, Wind Directions, Port and Starboard

When kiteboarding, we shall work with the wind and not against it. To do it, it is important to understand and follow the basic principles of nature and make good use of them.

Let us see now some Nautical and Kite Terms that we should know when doing kitesurf.

Wind Terms

Windward (upwind) and Ieeward (downwind)

Windward is the direction upwind from a point of reference, while Ieeward is the direction downwind from a point of reference.

Gaining ground/losing ground

Gaining ground means to move upwind from a _point of reference,
losing ground is to move downwindfrom a point of reference.


The wind blows from the shore to the water


The wind blows straight onto the shore line.


The wind blows parallel to the shore line.

Side onshore, Side offshore

Wind directions in between the main directions.

Other Terms: Port (Left), Starboard (right), Port Tack, Starboard Tack

Are n utical terms and refer to the left and right sides of a ship, as perceived by a person facing the front.

Port (left)

It is the left side of a vessel (seen by a person facing the front) and is indicated by the colour red (at night with navigation lights).

Starboard (right)

It is the right side of a vessel (seen by a person facing the front) and is indicated with thecolor green (at night with navigation lights).

Port tack

Describes the alignment of a vessel with the wind. lf the wind is from port (left), the vessel is on port tack.

In kiteboarding: left hand in the front = port tack).

Staboard Tack

If the wind is from starboard (right), the vessel is on starboard tack. In kiteboarding: right hand in the front = starboard tack).

Required space when kiting

The possible radius a kite can move, is in direct relation to the length of the  ines. The distance towards another kitesurfer, or any other object can easily be misinterpreted.

TIP: Train starting and landing and try to steer the kite perfectly in the hands of a helper.

Kitesurfing Course for Children

Kitesurfing Course for Children in Cagliari, Sardinia (Italy)

Are you dreaming to be the next world champion of kitesurf? Or would you like just to learn a new fun sport like kitesurfing? 

Choose the Kitesurfing Course for children!

The Kitesurfing Course for Chldren, aimed to 8-14 years old children, is carried out with the same program of Complete Kitesurfing Course with some modifications based on age and weight of child and with a specific gear (kite, board, wetsuit, life jacket, helmet, ect).


For prices of Kitesurfing Lessons and Courses, Click here.

See also our Kitesurfing Holidays or our Sport Holidays packages!

  • Each hour of kitesurfing lessons/course is 1 point. 1 point stand for 1 euro. Points can be spent for the purchase of caps and t-shirts by kitegeneration or for your next kitesurfing lessons/course with us.
  • If you have the possibility, read our Kitesurfing mini book. When you start your kitesurfing Course you will have an extra oomph!
  • To know where the lessons are taking place and to know about Kitegeneration, visit our home page.